Unit 2.3: Constitutional Limitations on Planning and Zoning Authority:
This unit introduces the constitutional limitations of government and the rights of individuals with respect to planning and zoning. The unit will help planning officials understand that their actions are limited by provisions in the U.S. and Michigan Constitutions.
At the end of this unit, the learner should be able to recognize how government authority is limited. In order to meet this objective, you need to be able to:
- identify the sources of constitutional limitations on planning and zoning authority;
- identify the necessary components of constitutionally valid decisions; and,
- recognzie actions that are contrary to constitutional law.
We suggest that you have an understanding of the following:
- the planning official's roles and responsibilities;
- the foundations of planning and zoning;
- planning and zoning history;
- the basic legal framework for planning officials; and,
- governmental authority for planning and zoning.
In order to introduce this subject, the following topics are discussed in this unit:
- Introduction to Constitutional Limitations on Planning and Zoning Authority
- What are Constitutional Limitations?
- Procedural Due Process
- Substantive Due Process
- Equal Protection
- Eminent Domain and Just Compensation
- Freedom of Speech
- Freedom of Religion
Training units are online, self-paced, independent-study opportunities to learn about the core tasks associated with becoming a planning official. It is estimated that each unit will take between 30 minutes and two hours to complete.
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