Unit 1.2: The Foundations of Planning and Zoning
Many citizens who take on the planning official role do not have the opportunity to understand the historical context within which planning and zoning are done. Without this understanding, you may wonder how local governments came to be involved in planning and zoning. If so, then this learning unit is for you. The goal of this unit is to describe how your role evolved from efforts to resolve historical conflicts and implement social goals related to land use. We will introduce planning and zoning and describe what they are, why they came about, and what they are today.
At the end of this unit, the learner should be able to identify how the history of planning and zoning affects the duties and responsibilities of planning officials. In order to meet this objective, the learner should be able to:
- identify why planning and zoning are performed;
- identify the fundamental conflict in all planning and zoning;
- identify which events in history shaped planning; and,
- identify which events in history shaped zoning.
We suggest that you have an understanding of the duties and responsibilities of the planning official. This topic is covered in the unit Introducing the Planning Official.
In order to introduce planning and zoning, the following topics are discussed in this unit:
- What is Meant by Planning?
- What is Meant by Zoning?
- Why Plan? Why Zone?
- Struggle Between Private and Society Interests
- Keeping It Balanced
- History-shaped Planning - History-shaped Zoning
- Legal Origins of Planning in Michigan
- Legal Origins of Zoning in Michigan
- History's Effect on Planning and Zoning
- Why Be a Planning Official?
Training units are online, self-paced, independent-study opportunities to learn about the core tasks associated with becoming a planning official. It is estimated that each unit will take between 30 minutes and two hours to complete.
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